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百望讲坛(34)|马克斯·普朗克微结构物理研究所研究员Niels Schröter作报告

2022/10/11

百望讲坛

◆ 第34期 ◆


【时间】13-Oct-2022  15:00

【线上会议】Zoom Meeting ID: 662 921 9901

【报告人】 Dr. Niels Schroter,Research Group Leader, Max Planck Institute for Microstructure Physics, Germany

【主持人】Dr. Kai Chang,Research Scientist, BAQIS


【题目】Parallel spin-momentum locking of multifold fermions in chiral topological semimetals



【摘要】

Spin-momentum locking describes a fixed directional relationship between the spin and the crystal momentum of an electronic band over its entire Fermi surface. The most well-known form of spin-momentum locking is of the orthogonal Rashba-type, which has been discovered over 30 years ago and has inspired numerous fundamental insights and applications, ranging from topological superconductivity to the recently discovered Josephson diodes that could revolutionize superconducting electronics. Whilst other forms of spin-momentum locking have also been known for a long time, purely parallel spin-momentum locking - which can be considered the natural counterpart of the Rashba-type - has remained elusive in experiments. Finding empirical evidence for such monopole-like spin-textures would be of fundamental as well as practical interest since they have been predicted to realize various new phenomena, such as novel spin-orbit torques for high-density memory storage or exotic forms of superconductivity.

Our group and simultaneously other groups from the USA, China, and Japan have recently discovered topological multifold fermions in a family of chiral topological semimetals by employing angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy. In my talk, I will review these discoveries and present the first experimental evidence that these multifold fermions exhibit parallel spin-momentum locking.



【报告人简介

Niels Schr?ter obtained his DPhil (PhD) with Yulin Chen at the University of Oxford and performed postdoctoral work at the Paul Scherrer Institute in Switzerland, where he was collaborating with Gabriel Aeppli, Vladimir Strocov, an Claudia Felser and discovered multifold fermions in chiral topological semimetals. For this work, he was awarded the IBM Condensed Matter Physics Award of the Swiss Physical Society. Since the summer of 2021, he is an Independent Max Planck Research Group Leader (W2) at the Max Planck Institute for Microstructure Physics in Halle, Germany.

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